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Investing in Quantum Computing: What Every Investor Needs to Know
投资量子计算:每个投资者都需要知道的事情

PR Newswire ·  {{timeTz}}

NetworkNewsWire Editorial Coverage

NetworkNewsWire社论报道

NEW YORK, Aug. 10, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Quantum computing has moved from research to reality, as companies increasingly turn to the power of quantum mechanical effects to solve complex computational problems and maximize efficiencies throughout their businesses. When considering the quantum computing landscape, it's important to note that not all quantum computing technologies are the same and approaches vary. While some companies are focused on building quantum systems that won't be available for many years to come, others are offering real, practical quantum computing applications available today to help tackle a myriad of complex business challenges. Hundreds of early quantum applications have already been built to address complexities in resource scheduling, mobility, logistics, drug discovery, portfolio optimization, and manufacturing processes. Despite a growing marketplace of quantum computing players, only a handful are currently commercially viable. Industry pioneer D-Wave Quantum Inc. (NYSE: QBTS) (Profile) is the first company with real-world commercial annealing quantum computing services and the only company building both annealing and gate-based quantum computing products. D-Wave, which just became public via a SPAC merger, is at the vanguard of the quantum sea change in computing alongside other computer juggernauts such as Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT), Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOGL), International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM) and Honeywell International Inc. (NASDAQ: HON).

纽约,2022年8月10日/美通社/--量子计算已经从研究走向现实,因为公司越来越多地转向量子力学效应的力量来解决复杂的计算问题,并在整个业务中最大限度地提高效率。在考虑量子计算环境时,重要的是要注意到,并不是所有的量子计算技术都是相同的,方法也不同。虽然一些公司专注于建造未来许多年都无法使用的量子系统,但另一些公司正在提供今天可用的真实、实用的量子计算应用程序,以帮助应对无数复杂的商业挑战。已经构建了数百个早期量子应用程序,以解决资源调度、移动性、物流、药物发现、投资组合优化和制造过程中的复杂性。尽管量子计算参与者的市场不断增长,但目前只有少数几个是商业可行的。行业先锋D-Wave Quantum Inc.(纽约证券交易所股票代码:QBTS)(Profile)是第一家提供真实商业退火法量子计算服务的公司,也是唯一一家同时生产退火法和基于门的量子计算产品的公司。刚刚通过SPAC合并而上市的D-Wave,与其他计算机巨头一样,是计算领域量子巨变的先锋微软公司(纳斯达克:MSFT),Alphabet公司(纳斯达克:谷歌),国际商业机器公司(纽约证券交易所代码:IBM)和霍尼韦尔。(纳斯达克:韩)。

  • Boston Consulting Group estimates quantum computing to create a total addressable market (TAM) between $450­–$850 billion in the next 15 to 30 years.
  • D-Wave is the only annealing quantum computing company in the world, and the only company working on both annealing and gate-model quantum computers.
  • The company commercialized the first annealing quantum computer in 2011, now offers a fifth generation, and has released a sixth-gen prototype.
  • The QBTS client list boasts more than two dozen Forbes Global 2000 companies that use the Advantage(TM) quantum computer and quantum hybrid applications in the Leap(TM) quantum cloud service for resolving complexities in resource scheduling, mobility, logistics, drug discovery, portfolio optimization and more.
  • 波士顿咨询集团估计,量子计算将在未来15到30年创造一个总价值在4,500-8,500亿美元之间的可寻址市场(TAM)。
  • D-Wave是世界上唯一一家退火型量子计算公司,也是唯一一家同时研究退火型和门型量子计算机的公司。
  • 该公司于2011年将第一台退火式量子计算机商业化,现在提供第五代,并发布了第六代原型。
  • QBTS的客户名单上有20多家福布斯全球2000强公司,它们在Leap(TM)量子云服务中使用Advantage(TM)量子计算机和量子混合应用程序,以解决资源调度、移动性、物流、药物发现、投资组合优化等方面的复杂性。

Click here to view the custom infographic of the D-WAVE editorial.

单击此处查看自定义信息图D波社论。

D-Wave Delivers Solutions Companies Need

D-Wave提供公司所需的解决方案

Quantum computing has been around in theory and development for decades, but only recently has it made substantive progress, building momentum to go mainstream and overcome shortcomings of traditional computers related to power and processing speed. Boston Consulting Group (BCG) sees the potential for quantum computing to significantly impact multiple industries, creating a total addressable market (TAM) between $450 billion and $850 billion over the next 15 to 30 years in the process. BCG estimates $5 to $10 billion of the anticipated TAM growth will come in the next three to five years, with 20% of the overall TAM to apply to quantum hardware, software and service providers like D-Wave; the rest is expected to be captured by commercially developed quantum applications.

量子计算在理论和发展上已经存在了几十年,但直到最近才取得实质性进展,为成为主流并克服传统计算机在能力和处理速度方面的缺点奠定了势头。波士顿咨询集团(BCG)看到了量子计算对多个行业产生重大影响的潜力,创造了一个总可寻址市场(TAM)在4500亿美元到8500亿美元在接下来的15到30年里。波士顿咨询公司估计5至5美元100亿美元预计TAM增长的20%将在未来三到五年内实现,其中20%将应用于D-Wave等量子硬件、软件和服务提供商;其余部分预计将通过商业开发的量子应用来实现。

451 Research, part of S&P Global Market Intelligence, echoed the bullish sentiment. In its study of Fortune 1000 companies in North America and Europe, the firm found that 39% of respondents were experimenting with quantum computing today and 81% have a use case in mind to run in the next three years. Why? Because nearly all (97%) of the enterprises rate solving complex problems as high importance or business critical.

标普全球市场情报(S&P Global Market Intelligence)旗下的451 Research呼应了看涨情绪。在对北美和美国财富1000强公司的研究中欧洲该公司发现,39%的受访者今天正在试验量子计算,81%的受访者计划在未来三年内运行用例。为什么?因为几乎所有(97%)的企业都将解决复杂问题列为高度重要或业务关键问题。

As the world's only annealing quantum computing company, and with annealing quantum computing best suited for optimization problems, D-Wave (NYSE: QBTS) is uniquely positioned to capture a significant portion of the TAM for combinatorial optimization problems.

作为世界上唯一的退火态量子计算公司,拥有最适合最优化问题的退火态量子计算,D波(纽约证券交易所股票代码:QBTS)具有独特的优势,能够捕获TAM中的很大一部分用于组合优化问题。

In a world where 39% of enterprises have abandoned complex problems because of time and difficulty to solve limitations, D-Wave has proven commercial viability and market leadership. D-Wave is the first company to bring to market a real-time, cloud-based annealing quantum computer solution. The company is one of the newest public quantum computing companies and members of the NYSE, but it has a long history of more than two decades of technology innovation unlocking the power of quantum computing, commercial successes (including building the first commercial quantum computer that is now on its fifth generation) and hundreds of use cases built by customers, including more than two dozen of the Forbes Global 2000.

在一个39%的企业因为时间和困难而放弃解决复杂问题的世界里,D-Wave已经证明了商业可行性和市场领先地位。D-Wave是第一家向市场推出实时、基于云的退火量子计算机解决方案的公司。该公司是最新上市的量子计算公司之一,也是纽约证券交易所的成员,但它已经有20多年的悠久历史,技术创新释放了量子计算的力量,取得了商业成功(包括建造了第一台商用量子计算机,现在是第五代),并由客户构建了数百个用例,其中包括20多个福布斯全球2000强。

Annealing vs. Gate-Based

退火法与基于栅极的

It's important to have a general understanding of the state of quantum computing and why D-Wave is differentiated in the space.

重要的是要对量子计算的状态有一个总体的了解,以及为什么D波在空间中是不同的。

In quantum computing, the two common approaches are: 1) Annealing, those inspired from neural net-based architectures and used today for optimization problems; 2) Gate-based, those inspired by the way traditional silicon architectures constructed for when error-corrected use cases are required, as in materials science and pharmaceutical research. D-Wave is building both types of quantum computers, and its cross-platform approach is expected to bring both annealing and gate-based technologies to enterprises' toughest problems. As an example, in the life sciences industry, quantum computing broadly unlocks applications including patient trials (annealing), drug toxicity (annealing + gate-model), and designer drug discovery (gate-model). According to the CEO of D-Wave, Alan Baratz, gate-based systems are several years away.

在量子计算中,两种常见的方法是:1)退火法,这些方法的灵感来自于基于神经网络的体系结构,目前用于优化问题;2)基于门的方法,这些方法的灵感来自传统硅体系结构的构建方式,当需要纠错用例时,如在材料科学和制药研究中。D-Wave正在建造这两种类型的量子计算机,其跨平台方法预计将为企业最棘手的问题带来退火法和基于门的技术。例如,在生命科学行业,量子计算广泛地解锁了包括患者试验(退火法)、药物毒性(退火法+门模型)和设计者药物发现(门模型)在内的应用。D-Wave的首席执行官艾伦·巴拉茨表示,基于GATE的系统还需要几年的时间。

D-Wave is the only annealing quantum computing company in the world, says Baratz. When the company set out to build its first quantum computer in 2010, management picked annealing over gate-based for a number of reasons, including a faster path to commercialization and business value for customers. Annealing is best suited for solving optimization problems and has shown this this in a demo built for the Department of Homeland Security.  D-Wave demonstrated how it could use quantum-hybrid approaches to determine the most efficient use of resources at 1,000-plus hospitals during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Sounds simple, but all the possible variations of facilities, locations, beds, ventilators and more are mind boggling, and the problem becomes far too complex for traditional computers.

巴拉茨说,D-Wave是世界上唯一一家退火量子计算公司。当该公司在2010年着手制造其第一台量子计算机时,管理层选择了退火法而不是基于门的方法,原因有很多,包括更快地实现商业化和为客户创造商业价值。退火法最适合于解决优化问题,并在为国土安全部制作的演示中展示了这一点。D-Wave展示了在新冠肺炎疫情高峰期,它如何使用量子混合方法来确定1,000多家医院的资源最有效利用。听起来很简单,但所有可能的设施、地点、床位、呼吸机等的变化都令人难以置信,而这个问题对于传统计算机来说变得太复杂了。

The ability to input vast amounts of data and turn out the most efficient course of action is invaluable for countless applications, such as employee scheduling, autonomous vehicle routing, peptide design, fraud detection, optimizing clinical trials and much more.

能够输入大量数据并产生最有效的行动方案,对于无数应用程序来说是无价的,例如员工排班、自动车辆路线、肽设计、欺诈检测、优化临床试验等。

Relentless Product Progression

坚持不懈的产品进步

D-Wave has established a history of relentless product delivery, developing the D-Wave One annealing computer in 2011 and bringing to market five generations of quantum computers, now commercially branded as Advantage(TM) quantum systems, and accessible through D-Wave's real-time quantum cloud service, Leap(TM). In June 2022, D-Wave unveiled an experimental prototype of the sixth-generation annealing quantum computer, called Advantage2(TM), also available through Leap. Advantage2 is expected to feature a 7,000 functioning quantum bits, or qubits.

D-Wave建立了坚持不懈的产品交付历史,在2011年开发了D-Wave One退火机,并将五代量子计算机推向市场,这些计算机现在商业上被称为Advantage(TM)量子系统,可以通过D-Wave的实时量子云服务Leap(TM)访问。2022年6月,D-Wave推出了第六代退火量子计算机的实验原型,名为Advantage2(TM),也可以通过Leap获得。Advantage2预计将具有7000个功能量子比特,或称量子比特。

In addition to multiple generations of quantum computers and a real-time quantum cloud service, D-Wave's product portfolio includes Ocean, a toolbox of open-source developer products, and Launch, its professional services/customer onboarding service. The company's intellectual property is protected by a robust patent estate of 200+ patents applicable to both annealing and gate-based quantum computing.

除了多代量子计算机和实时量子云服务外,D-Wave的产品组合还包括开源开发者产品工具箱Ocean和其专业服务/客户自注册服务Launch。该公司的知识产权受到200多项专利的保护,这些专利同时适用于退火法和基于门的量子计算。

Consistent Commercialization

一致的商业化

With a legacy of building and delivering commercial annealing products for more than a decade, D-Wave is an established player in the sector. The company's products and services have attracted more than two dozen Forbes Global 2000 companies, which use Leap and Advantage to build custom optimization solutions across diverse areas such as resource scheduling, mobility, logistics, drug discovery, portfolio optimization, manufacturing processes and more. A few well-known customers include Deloitte, Volkswagen, Save-on-Foods, DENSO, BBVA, NEC and Lockheed Martin. In 2021, 68% of D-Wave's Quantum Computing as a Service (QCaaS) revenue came from commercial customers.

十多年来,D-Wave一直致力于制造和提供商业退火产品,是该行业的老牌企业。该公司的产品和服务吸引了二十多家福布斯全球2000强公司,这些公司利用Leap和Advantage在不同领域构建定制的优化解决方案,如资源调度、移动性、物流、药物开发、组合优化、制造流程等。一些知名客户包括德勤、大众、Save-on-Foods、DENSO、西班牙对外银行、NEC和洛克希德·马丁。2021年,D-Wave的量子计算即服务(QCaaS)收入的68%来自商业客户。

Quantum as a Strategic Imperative

量子作为一项战略要务

A recent 451 Research report found that 39% of Fortune 1000 enterprises are experimenting with quantum computing today, while 78% see quantum computing having a significant impact on creating a new product. As enterprises look to incorporate quantum computing into their operations, they are expected to consider D-Wave and its competitors to optimize the process from development to distribution.

最近的一份451研究报告发现,如今,39%的财富1000强企业正在试验量子计算,而78%的企业认为量子计算对创造新产品具有重大影响。随着企业希望将量子计算整合到他们的运营中,他们预计会考虑D-Wave及其竞争对手,以优化从开发到分发的流程。

Based on their public statements:

根据他们的公开声明:

Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT) is building Azure Quantum, which takes a comprehensive approach to all layers of the computing stack. Microsoft currently has all the building blocks of a topological qubit, a new and unique qubit that will be faster, smaller and more reliable than other qubits. In time, topological qubits are expected to power Microsoft's fully scalable, highly secure, next-generation quantum computer.

微软公司(纳斯达克代码:MSFT)正在构建Azure Quantum,它对计算堆栈的所有层采取了全面的方法。微软目前拥有拓扑量子比特的所有组成部分,这是一种新的、独特的量子比特,它将比其他量子比特更快、更小、更可靠。随着时间的推移,拓扑量子比特有望为微软完全可扩展、高度安全的下一代量子计算机提供动力。

Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOGL) recently spun off its quantum technology group Sandbox AQ, an enterprise SaaS company delivering solutions at the nexus of quantum tech and AI. The Google parent is provider of tools dedicated to quantum computing, including Cirq, an open-source framework for programming quantum computers.

Alphabet(Sequoia Capital Inc.)最近剥离了旗下的量子技术集团沙盒AQ,这是一家提供量子技术和人工智能解决方案的企业软件即服务公司。谷歌的母公司是致力于量子计算的工具的提供商,其中包括Cirq,这是一个用于编程量子计算机的开源框架。

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM) has released its quantum computing roadmap, including plans for four new quantum processors. In its initiatives, IBM has amassed a community of clients and partners comprised of Fortune 500 companies, academic institutions, national labs and startups, along with what it says are 20-plus of the most powerful gate-based quantum systems in the world.

国际商业机器公司(纽约证券交易所代码:IBM)发布了其量子计算路线图,其中包括四个新的量子处理器的计划。在其倡议中,IBM积累了一个由财富500强公司、学术机构、国家实验室和初创公司组成的客户和合作伙伴社区,以及它所说的世界上最强大的基于门的量子系统。

Honeywell International Inc. (NASDAQ: HON) has spent more than a decade working on quantum computing to shape the adoption and integration of quantum information systems into the industries it serves. In November 2021, Honeywell's Quantum Solutions and Cambridge Quantum combined to form Quantinuum, a company it touts as "the world's largest integrated quantum computing company."

霍尼韦尔(纳斯达克代码:HONG)在量子计算领域投入了十多年的时间,致力于推动量子信息系统在其服务的行业中的采用和集成。2021年11月,霍尼韦尔的量子解决方案公司和剑桥量子公司合并,成立了Quantinuum公司,并将其吹捧为“世界上最大的集成量子计算公司”。

There's consensus that quantum computing has the potential to open new vistas, enabling us to do things we can't even imagine today. With the tailwinds building behind quantum computing, there is room for multiple players to emerge, but that by no means implies that all companies are created equal. One thing that is certain is that there is no shortfall of problems that quantum computing can solve and benefit business and society.

人们一致认为,量子计算有可能打开新的前景,使我们能够做今天甚至无法想象的事情。随着量子计算背后的顺风越来越大,出现多个参与者的空间是存在的,但这绝不意味着所有公司都是生而平等的。有一点是肯定的,量子计算可以解决并造福商业和社会的问题并不短缺。

For more information about D-Wave, please visit D-Wave Quantum Inc.

有关以下内容的更多信息D波,请浏览D-Wave Quantum Inc.

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The Article and content related to the profiled company represent the personal and subjective views of the Author, and are subject to change at any time without notice. The information provided in the Article and the content has been obtained from sources which the Author believes to be reliable. However, the Author has not independently verified or otherwise investigated all such information. None of the Author, NNW, FNM, or any of their respective affiliates, guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any such information. This Article and content are not, and should not be regarded as investment advice or as a recommendation regarding any particular security or course of action; readers are strongly urged to speak with their own investment advisor and review all of the profiled issuer's filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission before making any investment decisions and should understand the risks associated with an investment in the profiled issuer's securities, including, but not limited to, the complete loss of your investment. 

与所述公司相关的文章和内容代表作者的个人和主观观点,如有更改,恕不另行通知。该条所提供的资料和内容是从提交人认为可靠的来源获得的。然而,提交人没有独立核实或以其他方式调查所有这些信息。作者、NNW、FNM或其各自的任何附属公司均不保证任何此类信息的准确性或完整性。这篇文章和内容不是,也不应该被视为关于任何特定证券或行动方案的投资建议或建议;强烈建议读者在做出任何投资决定之前,与自己的投资顾问交谈,并审查已配置的发行人向美国证券交易委员会提交的所有文件,并应了解与投资已配置的发行人的证券相关的风险,包括但不限于,您的投资完全损失。

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NNW&FNM不持有本新闻稿中提到的任何公司的股份。

This release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and such forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. "Forward-looking statements" describe future expectations, plans, results, or strategies and are generally preceded by words such as "may", "future", "plan" or "planned", "will" or "should", "expected," "anticipates", "draft", "eventually" or "projected". You are cautioned that such statements are subject to a multitude of risks and uncertainties that could cause future circumstances, events, or results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements, including the risks that actual results may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, and other risks identified in a company's annual report on Form 10-K or 10-KSB and other filings made by such company with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You should consider these factors in evaluating the forward-looking statements included herein, and not place undue reliance on such statements. The forward-looking statements in this release are made as of the date hereof and NNW and FNM undertake no obligation to update such statements. 

本新闻稿包含修订后的1933年证券法第27A节和修订后的1934年证券交易法第21E节所指的“前瞻性陈述”,这些前瞻性陈述是根据1995年私人证券诉讼改革法的安全港条款作出的。“前瞻性陈述”描述未来的预期、计划、结果或战略,通常以“可能”、“未来”、“计划”或“计划”、“将”或“应该”、“预期”、“预期”、“草案”、“最终”或“计划”等词语开头。请注意,此类陈述会受到大量风险和不确定因素的影响,这些风险和不确定性可能会导致未来的情况、事件或结果与前瞻性陈述中预测的情况、事件或结果大不相同,包括由于各种因素,实际结果可能与前瞻性陈述中预测的结果大不相同的风险,以及公司提交给证券交易委员会的10-K或10-KSB年度报告和其他文件中确定的其他风险。您在评估本文中包含的前瞻性陈述时应考虑这些因素,不要过度依赖此类陈述。本新闻稿中的前瞻性陈述是截至本新闻稿发布之日作出的,NNW和FNM没有义务更新此类陈述。

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SOURCE NetworkNewsWire

来源NetworkNewsWire

本页的译文内容由软件翻译。富途将竭力但却不能保证翻译内容之准确和可靠,亦不会承担因任何不准确或遗漏而引起的任何损失或损害。

风险提示:以上内容仅作为作者或者嘉宾的观点,不代表富途的任何立场,不构成与富途相关的任何投资建议。在作出任何投资决定前,投资者应根据自身情况考虑投资产品相关的风险因素,并于需要时咨询专业投资顾问意见。富途竭力但不能证实上述内容的真实性、准确性和原创性,对此富途不做任何保证和承诺。

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